Apart from other casualties and destructions, the earthquake has also caused extensive damage to the monuments of Nepal. Many of the ancient pagodas are now reduced to stumps covered by debris and rubble.
One of the major collapses is the breakage and destruction of the 183 year old Dharahara Tower. The 9-story loomed over the capital of Nepal Kathmandu.
Nepal had 8 of UNESCO world heritage cultural sites. An earthquake that occurred back in the year 1934 caused extensive damages to many of the Hindu and Buddhist monuments located in Nepal. They were subsequently rebuilt.
In direct anomaly the stupas, shrines and pagodas of the Kathmandu valley that were built with red brick decades ago have suffered much less damages and breakages and are standing next to the rubbles of disappeared buildings.
The greatest damage to Katmandu’s ancient architecture has been done by the earthquake in the form of destruction of the ancient Shiva temple and Narayan temple pagoda. These two magnificent ancient structures dominated the main square of Kathmandu Darbar.
The place was also popular among western tourists. The tourists started crowding the place from the late 1960s.
The “city of devotees” or Bhaktapur that is located 12 miles east of Katmandu persevered many of the old monuments and shrines. 80% of the temples and shrines in the area are destroyed including the 18th century Vatsala Durga Temple. The temple was built of sandstone.
Lumbini, the oldest Buddhist shrine in the world has been protected from the earthquake by its massive frame. The frame surrounds the Maya Devi temple.
The Pashupatinath temple has survived the earthquake. Victims of the earthquake are being brought to the temple for their last rites.
The decades old Shiva temple has been now reduced to rubbles by the devastating earthquake that hit Nepal on 25th April. A bulldozer is shoveling the rubbles to make the path clear for traffic.
Enclosed by the pagodas was the dwelling place of Hindu goddess Kumari. The statues, ornate brick fronts and carved wood may have survived the collapse. It is still now known whether the inner rooms and courtyards are safe or not.
The Shiva-Parvati Temple house that is located on the other side of the Durbar Square has survived the earthquake. The town of Patan that is located on the outskirts of Kathmandu had several pagodas. Some of these are completely destroyed while others have merely cracked.
Some of the surviving relics include the Mogul-influenced Krishna temple, the Sundar Chowk temple and the 17th century Biswanath temple.
The Baudhanath stupa still survives while other neighboring stupas have suffered some damages. The stupas are much revered by Tibetan refugees who have left China and have settled in Nepal.
Nepal is still suffering from aftershocks of the earth quake. An earthquake of higher magnitude will cause destruction of many more ancient sites and may take several lives.