Evolution is a long drawn process that has been occurring over centuries. While some species limited their process of development to adaptability and survival, others craved for a bit more. Development in terms of physical aspects just did not seem enough. Growth in terms of understanding and reasoning was now given far more importance.
While the initial phase of evolution was more individualistic, mankind soon witnessed a gradual shift through the formation of societies. Now, as people started living together there came a basic need for sharing. This need was not bound to only tangible goods. As the scope for explorations and discoveries widened, people began sharing their experiences. These experiences eventually developed into stories and tales which are today propagated as mythologies and epics.
Mythologies are seen as an integral part of the rich Indian heritage. They have been carefully handed down through generations, be it in the form of oral traditions or written scriptures. Over a period of time these mythologies have come to define the beliefs of the Indian society. But one question that has always seemed to puzzle many minds is that, how do mythologies which have been written centuries ago define the understandings of a modern society?
The answer is very simple. These epics too, just like humans have evolved over years in order to match the growing modernity of the society. A simple example can be taken by looking at two of the greatest mythologies of India- the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. They together are considered as ‘Itihasa’, for these tales depict the struggle of man to uphold what is right in his pursuit of perfection and divinity. Hence, the Bhagavad Gita has been considered as the holy book of Hindu religion which describes the code of conduct for every human.
To Be Continued in Part II