As per the reports of Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA), the flood situation in Assam has deteriorated in the past few days. Approximately 20000 people have been affected by the impacts of the flood and around 60 villages are under water. The districts of Barpeta, Dhemaji, Morigaon, Tinsukia and Lakhimpur have been affected by the floods. As per the reports of ASDMA Lakhimpur is the worst affected district, which is followed by Barpeta. Around 1600 hectares of crop areas are still reported to be under water and until 10 days back 10800 hectares of crop area was under water. Authorities have set up relief camps in Tinsukia, Sonitpur, Nalbari and Dibrugarh. The mighty Brahmaputra continues to flow above the danger level in Nematighat in Jorhat and Jia Bharali, a tributary of the Brahmaputra continues to flow above the mark at N T Road, Sonitpur district. Also three people have already lost their lives in the disastrous flood in the state.
Floods in Assam are nothing new, but the effect of which has now turn worse from bad. Before 1950, severe floods had occurred in the years 1897, 1910, 1911, 1915, 1916 and 1931, which had its impacts mainly on the north bank of the river Brahmaputra. After 1950 and till 2000, floods occurred in Assam in 1954, 1962, 1966, 1972, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1984, 1986 to 2000. Floods have increased in the latter half of the century and which has been proven in the analysis of flood data. Apart from heavy rainfall, there are also human mistakes and certain lack of policies by the Government. In the decade of 70’s, when Mr. Sarat Chandra Sinha was the Chief Minister of Assam, there had been plans to dig up the floor of Brahmaputra to lower the bed and avoid floods. It still remains a mystery why the plans had not been executed.
Ironically floods are believed to be helpful in certain progressive countries. It is because of their ability to enhance soil fertility and generate Hydroelectricity. The floods occurring in our state have hampered the people and the livestock, damaged structures, caused water pollution and spread water-borne diseases, shortage of food crops and economic hardships. There have been so many troubles to the daily lifestyle of the people and yet the esteemed media platforms of the country seem to ignore it. It is apparently visible that the water logging problems of certain cities are distinctly highlighted and such severe issues which have been prevalent in the state of Assam for decades are ignored. A huge percentage of the population of the affected districts earns their livelihood with the help of agriculture and livestock. The aftermath of floods are a life of hardships for few months until when they start earning again and their income is swept away again in the floods.