Soaring temperatures is a usual sight in the months of May and June in most parts of India. Heat waves are running across the northern states of the country including some of central and southern parts too, commonly known as westerly winds originating from Sindh province of Pakistan. Temperatures are up to a maximum of 50˚C in some parts whereas in others it revolves around the 40˚C mark. The spiking temperatures along with constant power cuts and water shortages are proving to be a tough pill for people. People are suffering with severe dehydration leading to deaths in some cases.
The Greenhouse effect globally has led to the heating up of surroundings near us. There has been a gradual increase in the temperature of Indian states on an annual basis. According to weather experts and environmentalists, this year also the temperature has increased by 2˚-3˚C on an average. Most of the Indian cities are experiencing temperatures above 40˚C. This has forced people to stay indoors during daytime. Along with the increasing level of mercury people are suffering with water shortages and power cuts in most of the villages and cities across the country.
The weather has taken a huge toll on people living in North India as well as parts of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Odisha. It has claimed over 1,100 lives during past two-three weeks. Even the asphalt pedestrian crossings have melted in some roads of capital New Delhi. Most affected by the heat wave are the elderly, homeless or the construction workers who are forced to work out in these rising temperatures. The main causes of deaths are usually dehydration and heating up of surroundings abnormally.
The meteorological department has stated that southern parts of country might receive the annual monsoon rains in coming days which would bring huge relief. It will take few more weeks for these rains to reach northern India, which will be most awaited in order to get rid of above normal temperatures. The authorities have taken up awareness programmes through television and other media advising people not stay outdoors without protective gear, drinking water and other self-protective measures. Several NGOs’ have set up drinking water camps in towns and villages across country to reduce the effect of dehydration in people. Hopefully the much awaited monsoon showers will reduce temperatures and suffering individuals across the country in weeks to come.