While the sub-continent is busy debating over using Ramzan or Ramadan, we’ll reveal a few facts about this holy month. The whole furore is over the pronunciation of the name of this holy month of Muslims. The word Ramzan came into existence through Persian language, the mother of Urdu. The language Urdu is practiced in the Indian subcontinent majorly in India & Pakistan. On the other hand Ramadan inherits its pronunciation from the Arabic languages. Both usages are correct and serve the same purpose, but the pronunciations are different due to the difference in accents of the languages.
Let us bring into light a few facts related to this holy month:
- Ramadan or Ramzan is the ninth month of the Hijri Calendar (Islamic Calendar) in which it is said that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) received the first verses of the Quran. Hijri Calendar is a Lunar Calender and depends on the new moon for changing months. The commencement of this holy month begins only after religious clerics declare that the new moon had been seen. So, the dates of the beginning of this holy month can vary country to country.
- This holy month checks the patience level of the people and expects them to devote entirely to the God. People are expected to abstain from food, water, etc. and perform Salat, also known as Namaz for five times a day. These prayers are performed five times from dawn to dusk after which people may eat at night for survival.No luxury is allowed and observers are expected to gain in terms of spirituality,charity and concentration on prayer which leads to purify mind and body.
- Charity plays an important part in Islam and during this month the importance of charity rises exponentially. People are expected to contribute towards charity in every possible manner for which there are mandatory forms of giving like Zakat. People can go beyond and give as much as they can through Sadaqa, a voluntary form of giving. It is considered that the rewards of charity are greater in this holy month and thus, Muslims are observed to contribute more during Ramadan days.
- Though, Sawm or Roza, which is the practice of keeping fast is mandatory among people following Islam, few groups have been given liberty to abstain from it. Physically or mentally ill people, children below the age of puberty, breast-feeding or pregnant women etc. are given exceptions.
- The end of this holy month is marked by a grand festival, Eid-Ul-Fitr. The celebration of this festival begins as soon as the new moon is seen in the sky. People congratulate each other, exchange gifts, pray in the mosques and donate. Muslims all over the world can be seen wearing new clothes, using perfumes and celebrating Eid-Ul-Fitr in a very grand manner.