Iraq and Syria has been the most hostile place on earth ever since the advent of ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and Levant) or ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) or IS (Islamic State) as it is called. ISIS started engaging in a guerrilla war as early as 2011 during the Syrian Civil War. Soon they grew out strong and captured many important cities across Iraq and Syria. Now they have their own caliphate rule over most parts of Iraq and Syria.
People from Syria mainly started migrating to other places like Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan as early as 2011. As per reports 15,000 refugees had then taken up shelter in Yayladağı, Reyhanlı and Altınözü districts of Hatay Province, near Syria-Turkey border in the northwest. According to United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees by the end of 2014, an estimated 6.5 million people had been displaced in Syria, while more than 3 million refugees had fled to countries such as Lebanon (1.14 million), Jordan (608,000) and Turkey (815,000). Another 35,000 refugees were awaiting registration, while estimates of several hundred thousand more were not included in official figures as they were unregistered. “The Syria crisis has become the biggest humanitarian emergency of our era, yet the world is failing to meet the needs of refugees and the countries hosting them,” the UNHCR Antonio Guterres said at the time.
Towards 2015 the Syrian refugees started started crossing over to European Union countries reaching 313,000 UNHCP applications across various European countries by August. Germany and Sweden having received the highest number of applications so far with 89,000 and 62,000 respectively. Interestingly none of the oil rich Gulf countries south of Syria viz. Saudia Arabia, UAE, Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar have agreed to shelter any refugees.
Of late Austria and Germany have warned they can’t keep up with the influx of increasing number of refugees daily. Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel on Monday said “Germany is of course willing to accept more refugees” but called on other EU nations to take as well. Germany has also pledged an additional 3 billion Euros to the refugee crisis. French President Francois Hollande too made a statement hours later after his German counterpart, that France is ready to take more responsibility. It is expected they are to accommodate 24,000 out of the 120,000 refugees that are to be distributed across various EU member countries. British Prime Minister David Cameroon later during the day confirmed that Britain will take up as much as 20,000 refugees over the next five years.
Amidst all these, there are also reports coming of people faking as refugees from Syria and trying to get asylum across countries in Europe. It is to be noted that EU nations are relaxing their rules for asylum seekers but only for Syrians. Scores of asylum seekers with false documents or no documents have been caught by authorities in Serbia and Austria. Most of the fake refugee seekers are believed to be from Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia and Eritrea.